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Thirty three-thousand slightly trained troops under the Federal Gen. Irwin McDowell engaged and were defeated by twenty-two thousand Confederate troops under General Beauregard and ten thousand Confederate troops from the Shenandoah Valley led by Gen. Joseph Johnson.

This battle was named First Manassas by the Confederates and First Bull Run by the Federals and happened twenty-five miles south of Washington, D.C.


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the War
Between
the States

First Manassas
21st July 1861

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This was photographed from the intersection of the Manassas-Sudley Road looking in a southern direction up Henry Hill, where the Confederates made their final stand.

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These cannons mark the position of the Washington Artillery, which was attached to Thomas J. Jackson's brigade. The farm road , which Jackson utilized, is on the left and the Federal advance came from the right.

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Thomas Jackson's brigade stood firm and another Confederate General gave him his sobriquet as he exclaimed "There stands Jackson, like a Stonewall. Rally around the Virginians." His brigade, the only one in the Confederacy to be honored with a nickname, became known as "the Stonewall Brigade". The Confederate forces did rally, the Northern Army was defeated on Henry Hill, and retreated back to the safety of Washington,D.C..



Camp Robinson and Camp Nelson, Kentucky :
first Federal training camps

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