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Kentucky, according to Union President Abraham Lincoln, was the key to the West. In 1861, both the Federal and Confederate armies marched into the state. Logan's Crossroads was one of the battles that determined the fate of the neutral state of Kentucky.

The battle at Logan's Crossroads happened in southeastern Kentucky, not far from the towns of Somerset and Nancy. Logan's Crossroads was a battle of many names: another name was Fishing Creek and another Mill Springs.

The Union forces had 40 killed, 207 wounded and 15 captured. The Confederates losses were 125 killed, 309 wounded and 99 captured.

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the War
the States

Fishing Creek
Logan's Crossroads
19th January 1862

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At this marker, General Zollicoffer died. In heavy rain and in the smoke of battle, General Zollicoffer approached Federal troops he had mistaken for his own. General Thomas,the Union commander, ordered Federal regiments to turn both flanks, and the Confederates fled the field.

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The 9th Ohio (the Federal right) made one of the few successful bayonet charges during the Civil War as they pushed the Confederate left, the 19th Tn., back across these fields.

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This drawing on a descriptive plaque at Logan's Crossroads depicts the charge of the 9th Ohio Regiment.

Battle of Logan's Crossroads, Page Three

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Frank Mazuca